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I’ve received a few questions about this one, so I thought I should put it up here for everyone to see. Note: If you are just looking for the quick solution, skip to the end, otherwise keep reading for the question and answer stuff.
The question is: “How can I install Firefox 4 on Ubuntu 10.10? I tried doing the usual update but it was just a minor update of 3.6, so what gives?”
The answer is: Ubuntu 11.04 will come packaged with Firefox 4 by default, but because of the way Ubuntu does things (I’m trying to keep it simple here), they try to stick with the same version of most programs and only do updates for that. Newer versions will be included in newer releases of Ubuntu. They do this to make sure they have time to test everything and make sure there are no conflicts. It may be frustrating, but you have the option to work around it, and if you’re honest with yourself you’ll admit it is fair and reasonable for them to do as they do.
Now, if you want to have the latest and greatest versions of your favorite programs/applications (like Firefox), then you might want to become familiar with PPA’s. I know I’ve posted some things about them in the past, but never really mentioned anything specific about the PPA part of it. PPA’s are basically an alternate source of applications that are managed by the developers. You can add PPA’s to your sources list just like you would repositories (as they are just that, repositories) and have more frequent updates for your favorite programs, and even programs that are not included in the official repositories by Ubuntu. Note: a word of caution: if you are willing to add a bunch of PPA’s, be prepared as you may encounter bugs from time to time as the newest versions of various programs/applications are not necessarily tested as thoroughly as Ubuntu developers would do when preparing for a new OS release.
OK here’s what you need to do:
Open Terminal (are you getting used to this yet? Applications->Accessories->Terminal) and enter the following code:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mozillateam/firefox-stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
or if you prefer, you can do it all in one line of code:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mozillateam/firefox-stable && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
Update: Forgot to mention that you will need to restart Firefox to notice the changes, and it will likely ask you to update/upgrade your addons at that time.
If for some reason you are running into a problem, let me know and I’ll try to help you out, but you really should be all set with the above.
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